Extension Material

Extension Material: 1. Just War Theory and the Ukraine-Russia Conflict. 2. Noam Chomsky on the morality of war and Ukraine.

Just War Theory and the Ukraine-Russia War Before getting to the philosopher Noam Chomsky’s thoughts about the Ukraine-Russia conflict, it is worth looking at it from the perspective of Just War Theory, as the Edexcel syllabus mentions that contemporary conflicts ‘may be evaluated against this theory.’ The principles that inform Just War Theory have previously …

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Extension material for Paper 4B: QAnon and Christianity

This post relates to topic 4.2 Secularisation, in particular “The rise of New Religious Movements and definitions of ‘spiritual’ and ‘religious’“, and “Disillusionment with some aspects of traditional religion compared to hard line atheism.” It is also of relevance to topic 4.3 New Movements in Theology, specifically “The global development of Evangelicalism, and of the …

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Extension Material for Paper 1 Anthology Extract 1: J.L. Mackie ‘Evil and Omnipotence’ – a brief note on Boethius.

At the very end of his article, Mackie asserts that, ‘The paradox of omnipotence can be avoided by putting God outside time, but the free will solution of the problem of evil cannot be saved in this way,‘ Is he correct? One Christian philosopher who might have disagree is Boethius (c.480 – 524 AD). Boethius …

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Extension Material for Paper 2 Medical Ethics – Beginning of Life Issues : Is it Better Never to Have Been Born?

‘ I’d consider myself a realist, alright? But in philosophical terms I’m what’s called a pessimist… I think human consciousness is a tragic misstep in evolution. We became too self-aware. Nature created an aspect of nature separate from itself – we are creatures that should not exist by natural law… We are things that labour under …

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Edexcel course notes: extension material on Rudolf Otto’s discussion of numinous religious experience/secularization.

From the Edexcel syllabus: 2.1 The nature of religious experience   a) Context of religious experience across religious traditions, range of definitions related to belief in God and/or ultimate reality, theistic and monistic views, ineffability, noetic, transience, passivity.   b) Types: conversion, prayer, meditation, mysticism, numinous. Relationship between religious experience and propositional and non-propositional revelation. …

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